Qarassa 32019-02-28T08:16:21+00:00

Archaeological sites

Qarassa 3

Qarassa 3

Leja Plain (south of Syria)

The site of Qarassa 3 is located on the southern edge of the Leja Plain (south of Syria) at an altitude of 1839m above sea level. It was excavated between 2009 and 2010 by a team from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC-IMF, Barcelona) and several Spanish universities (Universities of Cantabria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Basque Country, and Barcelona).

Different evidences have been found, all of them corresponding to the Natufian culture, such as twelve circular structures on the surface, different concentrations of lithic artefacts in areas adjacent to the circular structures, a small rock cliff completely filled by sediment containing archaeological material (which suggested the existence of a rock-shelter), and a large number of bedrock mortars carved in the rock.


  • Ibáñez, J.J. González-Urquijo, J. & Terradas, X. 2017. The Natufian Period in Syria. In Enzel, Y. and Bar-Yosef, O. (Eds.) Quaternary of the Levant, Cambridge University Press, pp. 709-714.
  • Ibáñez, J.J., Armendariz, A., Braemer, F., González Urquijo, J., Gourichon, L., Haïdar-Boustani, M., Rodríguez, A., Teira, L. & Terradas, X. 2013. Nouvelles données sur les architectures des sites natoufiens de Jeftelik et Qarassa 3 (Syrie centro-occidentale et du sud). In Montero, J. L. (Ed.) Du village néolithique à la ville syro-mésopotamienne. Ferrol, pp. 9-33.
  • Terradas, X., Ibáñez, J.J., Braemer, F., Gourichon, L. & Teira, L. 2013a. The Natufian occupations of Qarassa 3 (Sweida, Southern Syria). In Bar-Yosef, O., Valla, F.R. (Eds.) Natufian Foragers in the Levant. Terminal Pleistocene Social Changes in Western Asia. Ann Arbor, pp. 45-60.
  • Terradas, X., Ibáñez, J.J., Braemer, F., Hardy, K., Iriarte, E., Madella, M., Ortega, D., Radini, A. & Teira, L. 2013b. Natufian bedrock mortars at Qarassa 3: Preliminary results from an interdisciplinary methodology. In Borrell, F., Ibáñez, J.J., Molist, M. (Eds.) Stone Tools in Transition: From Hunter-Gatherers to Farming Societies in the Near East. Bellaterra (Barcelona): Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, pp. 449-464.

Funding entitiesFunding entities

  • Ministerio de Economía, Ministerio de Cultura (Instituto de Patrimonio Cultural de España.
  • Fundacion Shelby White-Leon Levy


Ongoing projects


Past projects


Archaeological sites

Archaeological sites