Tell Qarassa North
Leja Plain (south of Syria)
The site of Tell Qarassa North was excavated in 2009 and 2010 as part of the Syrian-French-Spanish archaeological research project around the palaeolake of Qarassa. The site is located 25 km to the west of the Jabal al-Arab mountain range and 20 km from the city of Sweida, south Syria. The early PPNB levels of Tell Qarassa North, dated to 8,600-8,100 cal BC, comprise square shaped wood-made and stone-made architecture, ground stone tools such as saddle querns and mortars, imported materials such as obsidian, diverse funerary customs, anthropogenic figurines, as well as faunal remains including primarily goat. Tell Qarassa North is one of the two sites in the southern-central Levant (along with Tell Aswad) that has provided evidence for the presence of morphologically domesticated-type cereals.
- Arranz-Otaegui, A., Colledge, S., Zapata, L., Teira-Mayolini, L.C., Ibáñez, J.J. 2016a. Regional diversity on the timing for the initial appearance of cereal cultivation and domestication in southwest Asia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A., 113 (49), 14001e14006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1612797113.
- Arranz-Otaegui A, Colledge, S., Zapata, L., Ibáñez, J.J. 2016b. Crop husbandry activities and wild plant gathering, use and consumption at the EPPNB Tell Qarassa North (south Syria). Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 25, 629–645.
- Arranz-Otaegui, A., López-Sáez, J.A. Araus, J.L, Portillo, M., Balbo, A., Iriarte, E., Gourichon, L., Braemer, F., Zapata, L., Ibáñez, J.J. 2017. Landscape transformations at the dawn of agriculture in southern Syria (10.7-9.9 ka cal. BP): Plant-specific responses to the impact of human activities and climate change. Quaternary Science Reviews 158, 145-163.
- Balbo, A.L., Iriarte, E., Arranz, A., Zapata, L., Lancelotti, C., Madella, M., Teira, L., Jiménez, M., Braemer, F., Ibáñez, J.J. 2012. Squaring the circle. Social and environmental implications of pre-pottery Neolithic building technology at Tell
- Qarassa (south Syria). PLoS One 7 (7), e42109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/ journal.pone.0042109.
- Ibáñez, J.J., González-Urquijo, J.E., Braemer, F. 2014. The human face and the origins of the Neolithic: the carved bone wand from Tell Qarassa North, Syria. Antiquity, 88 (issue 81).
- Ministerio de Economía, Ministerio de Cultura (Instituto de Patrimonio Cultural de España).
- Fundacion Shelby White-Leon Levy