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//Fiona Pichon
Fiona Pichon2019-02-19T16:38:57+00:00
Fiona Pichon

Fiona Pichon

CONTRACT SCIENTIST
(Fyssen Foundation)

I am currently a postdoctoral fellow by the Fyssen Foundation, at the Archaeology of Social Dynamics (ASD) research group of the Milá y Fontanals Institution (IMF, Barcelona) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC).

My research interests focus on the first agro-pastoral societies in the Near East, through the functional and technological analysis of their lithic tools, in order to contribute, by identifying technical gestures, the activities and the know-how, to reconstruct a major historical transition, the Neolithisation.

In my PhD thesis, defended at the Sorbonne University in December 2017, I worked to define the technical and cultural traditions of Neolithic pre-agricultural societies in the Northern Levant, through the functional and technological analysis of flint tools from Dja’de-el-Mughara (EPPNB, 9th millennium, Syria). I was interested in the evolution of the technical and cultural environment during the Neolithic transition, through the analysis of flint tools from the Northern Levantine site of Dja’de el-Mughara, excavated by É. Coqueugniot (EPPNB, 9th millennium, Syria). Both the object of study, the period and the cultural area considered, constituted a privileged field of investigation since they allow to ask how a social group can accept to initiate changes or to adhere to them, even if that change radically their organization. Using a system approach, which takes into account the stages of production and the use of tools, my results showed how dynamic and complex these productions were, reflecting the new behaviours of the people who made and used those tools.

Here, I continue my research on this subject as part of my postdoctoral project, entitled “Technical innovations and societies during the Neolithic transition in the Near East. Production and use of lithic tools of the first agro-pastoral communities (10th-7th millennia)” under the supervision of Juan José Ibáñez. The same systemic method will be applied at several lithic assemblages coming from different Neolithic sites across the Near East (Syria, Jordan, Iraq). A large part of my research will also be dedicated to build an experimental program (i.e. about hunting practices, harvesting cereals and work of minerals materials). This project aim to characterise the interaction processes between technical innovations and social practices at the time of the adoption and the generalisation of animal husbandry and agriculture.

Selection of international publications for the last five years

  • Douché C., PICHON, F. (dir.), 2018, Routes de l’Orient, Actes I, From the Caucasus to the Arabian Peninsula: Domestic Spaces in the Neolithic, 222 p.
  • F. PICHON (forthcoming), « Utilisation d’outils en silex pour l’exploitation alimentaire et artisanale des végétaux à Dja’de el-Mughara durant le PPNB ancien (Syrie, 9ème millénaire) », Proceedings PPN8.
  • Douché C., PICHON F., 2018, « Agricultural Strategies at Dja’de el-Mughara (Northern Syria) », C. Douché et F. PICHON (dir.), Routes de l’Orient, Actes I, From the Caucasus to the Arabian Peninsula: Domestic Spaces in the Neolithic, p. 119-149.
  • F. PICHON, 2017, « Exploitation of the cereals during the Pre-pottery Neolithic of Dja’de-el-Mughara: Preliminary results of the functional study of the glossy blades », Quaternary International, 427, p. 138-151.
  • F. PICHON, 2016, « Analyse fonctionnelle des lames-faucilles de Dja’de-el-Mughara (Syrie du Nord) : problématique et méthode de recherche », 124-Sorbonne (ISSN 2497-594X) (On line : https://f-origin.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/2271/files/2016/06/Fiona-PICHON-124-Sorbonne.-Carnet-de-lÉcole-Doctorale-dHistoire-de-lArt-et-Archéologie.pdf)

Fiona Pichon

I am currently a postdoctoral fellow by the Fyssen Foundation, at the Archaeology of Social Dynamics (ASD) research group of the Milá y Fontanals Institution (IMF, Barcelona) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC).

My research interests focus on the first agro-pastoral societies in the Near East, through the functional and technological analysis of their lithic tools, in order to contribute, by identifying technical gestures, the activities and the know-how, to reconstruct a major historical transition, the Neolithisation.

In my PhD thesis, defended at the Sorbonne University in December 2017, I worked to define the technical and cultural traditions of Neolithic pre-agricultural societies in the Northern Levant, through the functional and technological analysis of flint tools from Dja’de-el-Mughara (EPPNB, 9th millennium, Syria). I was interested in the evolution of the technical and cultural environment during the Neolithic transition, through the analysis of flint tools from the Northern Levantine site of Dja’de el-Mughara, excavated by É. Coqueugniot (EPPNB, 9th millennium, Syria). Both the object of study, the period and the cultural area considered, constituted a privileged field of investigation since they allow to ask how a social group can accept to initiate changes or to adhere to them, even if that change radically their organization. Using a system approach, which takes into account the stages of production and the use of tools, my results showed how dynamic and complex these productions were, reflecting the new behaviours of the people who made and used those tools.

Here, I continue my research on this subject as part of my postdoctoral project, entitled “Technical innovations and societies during the Neolithic transition in the Near East. Production and use of lithic tools of the first agro-pastoral communities (10th-7th millennia)” under the supervision of Juan José Ibáñez. The same systemic method will be applied at several lithic assemblages coming from different Neolithic sites across the Near East (Syria, Jordan, Iraq). A large part of my research will also be dedicated to build an experimental program (i.e. about hunting practices, harvesting cereals and work of minerals materials). This project aim to characterise the interaction processes between technical innovations and social practices at the time of the adoption and the generalisation of animal husbandry and agriculture.

Selection of international publications for the last five years

  • Douché C., PICHON, F. (dir.), 2018, Routes de l’Orient, Actes I, From the Caucasus to the Arabian Peninsula: Domestic Spaces in the Neolithic, 222 p.
  • F. PICHON (forthcoming), « Utilisation d’outils en silex pour l’exploitation alimentaire et artisanale des végétaux à Dja’de el-Mughara durant le PPNB ancien (Syrie, 9ème millénaire) », Proceedings PPN8.
  • Douché C., PICHON F., 2018, « Agricultural Strategies at Dja’de el-Mughara (Northern Syria) », C. Douché et F. PICHON (dir.), Routes de l’Orient, Actes I, From the Caucasus to the Arabian Peninsula: Domestic Spaces in the Neolithic, p. 119-149.
  • F. PICHON, 2017, « Exploitation of the cereals during the Pre-pottery Neolithic of Dja’de-el-Mughara: Preliminary results of the functional study of the glossy blades », Quaternary International, 427, p. 138-151.
  • F. PICHON, 2016, « Analyse fonctionnelle des lames-faucilles de Dja’de-el-Mughara (Syrie du Nord) : problématique et méthode de recherche », 124-Sorbonne (ISSN 2497-594X) (On line : https://f-origin.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/2271/files/2016/06/Fiona-PICHON-124-Sorbonne.-Carnet-de-lÉcole-Doctorale-dHistoire-de-lArt-et-Archéologie.pdf)