Archaeological sites

La Daga

La Draga

Lake Banyoles (Girona, NE Spain)

The Neolithic site of La Draga is located on the shoreline of Lake Banyoles (Girona, NE Spain). It is an open-air settlement 172 meters above sea level that reaches a surface greater than 15.000 m2. Its proximity to the lake has contributed the water table to partially cover the archaeological levels, allowing the conservation of goods, utensils and artefacts made of wood and other organic materials. This circumstance made La Draga an exceptional site for the study of the first farming communities settled in the Western Mediterranean.

In this site evidence of the foundation and collapse of dwellings built in wood attributable to the 5320-4980 cal BC have been recovered, as well as cobbled surfaces dated around the 5210-4800 cal BC. Between both episodes no chronological hiatus is observed. This way, these two phases of occupation with distinctive construction are both attributable to the Late Cardial Ware Neolithic culture.

ReferencesReferences

  • Palomo A., Piqué R., Terradas X., Bosch A., Buxó R., Chinchilla J., Saña M. & Tarrús J. 2014. Prehistoric occupation of Banyoles lakeshore: results of recent excavations at La Draga site, Girona, Spain. Journal of Wetland Archaeology 14, 58–73 [DOI 10.1179/1473297114Z.00000000010]
  • Palomo A., Piqué R. & Terradas X. (eds.) 2017. La Revolució neolítica: La Draga, el poblat dels prodigis. Barcelona: Museu d’Arqueologia de Catalunya [ISBN 9788439396505]
  • Revelles J., Burjachs F., Morera N., Barceló J.A., Berrocal A., López-Bultó O., Maicher C., Le Bailly M., Piqué R., Palomo A. & Terradas X. 2017. Use of space and site formation processes in a Neolithic lakeside settlement. Pollen and non-pollen palynomorphs spatial analysis in La Draga (Banyoles, NE Iberia). Journal of Archaeological Science 81: 101-115 [DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2017.04.001]
  • Revelles J., Burjachs F., Palomo A., Piqué R., Iriarte E., Pérez-Obiol R. & Terradas X. 2017. Human-environment interaction during the Mesolithic- Neolithic transition in the NE Iberian Peninsula. Vegetation history, climate change and human impact during the Early-Middle Holocene in the Eastern Pre-Pyrenees. Quaternary Science Reviews 184: 183-200 [DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.08.025]
  • Verdún-Castelló E., Palomo A., Piqué R., Saña M. & Terradas X. 2019. The consumption of molluscs in the first farming societies: the Neolithic settlement of La Draga (NE of Iberian Peninsula). Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 11: 69-86 [DOI 10.1007/s12520-017-0532-3]

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Funding entitiesFunding entities

  • Spanish National Research Council (Mila and Fontanals Institute -IMF- & Artificial Intelligence Research Institute -IIIA-)
  • Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)
  • Museu d’Arqueologia de Catalunya (MAC)
  • Centre d’Arqueologia subaquàtica de Catalunya (CASC)
  • Ajuntament de Banyoles – Museu Arqueològic Comarcal de Banyoles
  • Generalitat de Catalunya – Departament de Cultura
  • Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad – Secretaría de Estado de Investigación
  • Obra Social “La Caixa”

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