The origins of the Neolithic in the Near East: environmental, economic, social and ideological changes
The aim of this project is the study of the cultural innovations during the last hunter-gatherer groups’ process of transformation into sedentary farmers (12,000 to 6,000 BC) and their transmission between communities around the Middle East. Our interpretation underlines the importance of the cultural interaction between groups located in Levant’s Middle East, the continuous interchange between which (of objects, people and experiences), was a fundamental element that made possible the Neolithic’s emergence.
In this Project, several topics will be dealt with:
- The environmental sequence at the end of the Pleistocene and the beginning of the Holocene in the Central-Southern Levant and the impact in the environment around villages of the first farming activities.
- The genetics of the Neolithic populations.
- The architectural innovations and the urban organization of the first villages.
- The rhythms of the process of plant and animal domestication.
- The techniques of hunting, agriculture and artisanry.
- The sanitary state, diet and population structure of the Neolithic communities.
- The networks of exchange of obsidian.
- The funerary rituals.
- The shifts in the symbolic thinking of the Neolithic groups.
- Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad. Proyectos I+D
- Ibáñez, J.J., et al. 2017. The emergence of the Neolithic in the Near East: A protracted and multi-regional model, Quaternary International, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2017.09.040
- Arranz-Otaegui, A., Colledge, S., Zapata, L., Teira-Mayolini, L.C., Ibáñez, J.J. 2016a. Regional diversity on the timing for the initial appearance of cereal cultivation and domestication in southwest Asia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 113 (49) https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1612797113, 14001-14006.
- Ibáñez, J.J., Ortega, D., Campos, D., Khalidi, L., Mendez, V., 2015a. Testing complex networks of interaction at the onset of the Near Eastern Neolithic using modelling of obsidian exchange. J. R. Soc. Interface 12. https://doi.org/10.1098/ rsif.2015.0210.
- Ibáñez, J.J., Anderson, P.C., Gonzalez-Urquijo, J., Gibaja, J., 2016a. Cereal cultivation and domestication as shown by microtexture analysis of sickle gloss through confocal microscopy. J. Archaeol. Sci. 73, 62-81.
- Ibáñez, J.J. (Ed.), 2008. Le site neolithique de Tell Mureybet (Syrie du Nord). En hommage à Jacques Cauvin. BAR International Series, Oxford, 1843.